Humanity

8 Events that Led to World War I

World War I, which lasted from 1914 until 1918, introduced the world to the horrors of trench warfare and lethal new technologies such as poison gas and tanks. The result was some of the most horrific carnage the world had ever seen, with more than 16 million military personnel and civilians losing their lives. It…

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Why the Roaring Twenties Left Many Americans Poorer

In August 1929, Ladies Home Journal published an article titled “Everybody Ought to Be Rich.” In it, businessman John J. Raskob told Americans that if they invested $15 in the stock market every month, in 20 years they could have $80,000 (over $1 million today). Raskob insisted that “almost anyone who is employed can do…

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    How Gerrymandering Began in the US

    In March 1812, the Boston Gazette ran a political cartoon depicting “a new species of monster”: “The Gerry-mander.” The forked-tongue creature was shaped like a contorted Massachusetts voting district that the state’s Jeffersonian Republicans had drawn to benefit their own party. Governor (and future vice president) Elbridge Gerry signed off on his party’s redistricting plan…

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      Josephine Baker’s Daring Double Life as a World War II Spy

      As war drums reverberated across Europe in 1939, the head of France’s military intelligence service recruited an unlikely spy: France’s most famous woman—Josephine Baker.Jacques Abtey had spent the early days of World War II recruiting spies to collect information on Nazi Germany and other Axis powers. Typically, the secret service chief sought out men who…

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        Presidential Succession: How the ‘Designated Survivor’ Fits In

        Who succeeds the president in the event of death or incapacity? There’s a list of nearly 20 officials—starting with the vice president and the speaker of the House—whose top leadership roles place them squarely in line for the job. Then there’s the wild card: a “designated survivor” who gets the job in case all those…

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          Voting Rights Milestones in America: A Timeline

          Since America’s founding days, when voting was limited to white male property owners, to the transformative Voting Rights Act of 1965, to sweeping voting process reform introduced in the early 2000s, the right to vote in U.S. elections has seen massive change.The original Constitution left voting rights to the states for a range of reasons,…

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            Billions of T. rex likely roamed the Earth, paleontologists report

            ScienceNewsThe iconic predator’s estimated abundance means the T. rex fossils we have today are exceedingly rare.ByMichael GreshkoPublished April 19, 2021• 6 min readIf you traveled back in time 67 million years ago to ancient Montana, you’d be entering the realm of a tyrant: the iconic predator Tyrannosaurus rex. Before you venture into that lost world,…

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              Why are so many gray whales dying in the Pacific?

              ByKate LinthicumPhotographs ByMeghan DhaliwalGraphics byTaylor MaggiacomoPublished April 13, 2021• 20 min readPUERTO ADOLFO LÓPEZ MATEOS, MÉXICOAs early morning fog lifts off the Baja California coastline, Alushe Camacho steers a small fishing boat through a mangrove-lined estuary, his eyes fixed on the horizon. During most of the year, Camacho hunts grouper, sole, and hammerhead sharks. Today…

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                Pictures Reveal the Isolated Lives of Japan’s Social Recluses

                Fuminori Akoa, 29, has been in his room for a year. "According to him, he is a great man and could do extraordinary things, but he does not always try his best," explains photographer Maika Elan who visited him with a social worker. "He changes his hobbies and goals frequently, and says he has gradually…

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                    8 Facts About the Celts

                    To modern ears, the word “Celtic” evokes traditional art, literature and music from Ireland and Scotland. But the ancient Celts were a widespread group of people with origins in central Europe. See what historians have learned about this rich and complex collection of tribes. 1. The Celts were the largest group in ancient Europe.The ancient culture known…

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                      The Storied History of SEAL Team Six, the Secret Unit That Killed Bin Laden

                      Originally known as SEAL Team Six, the United States Naval Special Warfare Development Group (DevGru) is one of several publicly disclosed units under the Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC), an elite and highly classified group that coordinates counterterrorism and other security-related missions around the world. (Others include the Army’s fabled Delta Force and the Air…

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                        Why Did US Forces Bury Osama Bin Laden’s Body at Sea?

                        On May 2, 2011, the United States military killed and buried Osama bin Laden, the al Qaeda leader behind the 9/11 attacks. U.S. Special Forces took him out during a raid on the compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan where he and some of his family were hiding out. After identifying his body, the military brought him…

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                        9 Groundbreaking Inventions by Women

                        Female inventors have played a large role in U.S. history, but haven’t always received credit for their work. Besides the fact that their contributions have sometimes been downplayed over overlooked, women—particularly women of color—have historically had fewer resources to apply for U.S. patents and market their inventions.Not all of the female inventors on this list…

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                        How British Royals Tested Support for the Crown in the 17th Century

                        For centuries, people have questioned the taxpayer’s role in funding the British royal family. During the reign of the Stuarts in the 17th century, that role was challenged to an extreme as a series of spendthrift monarchs treated their subjects like a bank that was always open to fund their lavish lifestyles. James I of Scotland…

                        Civil rights group sues Facebook over anti-Muslim posts

                        (RNS) — A lawsuit filed by the national civil rights organization Muslim Advocates complains that Facebook deceived Congress, civil rights groups and consumers by failing to take down anti-Muslim posts that the group said violate the platform’s own standards. The complaint, filed Thursday (April 8) in D.C. Superior Court, claims that the world’s largest social…

                        One Step to Diversifying the Evolutionary Human Sciences

                        A new directory for underrepresented scholars aims to promote diversity and inclusion through social networking and mentorship, and by challenging memory biases. The challenges of the past year have stimulated a new wave of conversations regarding long-standing problems of diversity and inclusion in academia. In particular, the calls to act against anti-Black racism and other…

                        One Step toward Diversifying the Evolutionary Human Sciences

                        A new directory for underrepresented scholars aims to promote diversity and inclusion through social networking and mentorship, and by challenging memory biases. The challenges of the past year have stimulated a new wave of conversations regarding long-standing problems of diversity and inclusion in academia. In particular, the calls to act against anti-Black racism and other…

                        New experiment hints that a particle breaks the known laws of physics

                        ScienceNewsA heavier sibling of an electron, known as a muon, is challenging the “Standard Model” of all the particles in the universe.ByMichael GreshkoPublished April 7, 2021• 10 min readIn a landmark experiment, scientists have found fresh evidence that a subatomic particle is disobeying one of science’s most watertight theories, the Standard Model of particle physics.…

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                        Safety is fatal

                        Many of us will recall Petri dishes from our first biology class – those shallow glass vessels containing a nutrient gel into which a microbe sample is injected. In this sea of nutrients, the cells grow and multiply, allowing the colony to flourish, its cells dividing again and again. But just as interesting is how…

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