Facebook will restore Australian news pages this week after reaching a deal with the government over its world-first law regulating big tech.

The social media platform was condemned by politicians around the world after it blocked 25 million Australians from viewing and sharing news articles on Thursday.

The ‘arrogant and disgraceful’ move – which also banned charity, health authority and emergency service pages – came after Australia’s ground-breaking news media bargaining code passed the lower house of Parliament on Wednesday night.

But following talks with Facebook bosses, the government has made some last-minute changes to the law which have appeased the tech giant and brought it back to the negotiating table.  

‘We’re pleased that we’ve been able to reach an agreement with the Australian government and appreciate the constructive discussions we’ve had,’ said William Easton, Managing Director, Facebook Australia and New Zealand.

Facebook has advised the government it will restore Australian news pages ‘within the coming days’. Pictured: CEO Mark Zuckerberg

 The new law aims to tackle the huge power of Google and Facebook by forcing them to pay media companies for the news content they host and reveal some of their closely-guarded algorithms and data. 

Amendments announced on Tuesday include a requirement for the government to give a digital platform a month’s notice before applying the code to that company.

Another clause states the Treasurer must also take into account deals already done when deciding who to designate under the code. 

This paves the way for Google to dodge the legislation after it hastily signed multi-million-dollar agreements with Australia’s biggest media companies Seven, Nine and Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp last week. 

Facebook’s statement on the deal 

‘We’re pleased that we’ve been able to reach an agreement with the Australian government and appreciate the constructive discussions we’ve had with Treasurer Frydenberg and Minister Fletcher over the past week. 

‘We have consistently supported a framework that would encourage innovation and collaboration between online platforms and publishers. 

‘After further discussions, we are satisfied that the Australian government has agreed to a number of changes and guarantees that address our core concerns about allowing commercial deals that recognize the value our platform provides to publishers relative to the value we receive from them. 

‘As a result of these changes, we can now work to further our investment in public interest journalism and restore news on Facebook for Australians in the coming days.’

By William Easton, Managing Director, Facebook Australia & New Zealand 

Another amendment will make clear that final-offer arbitration will only be required after two months of good-faith negotiations between a platform and a news business.

This method of arbitration, which selects one side’s position as the resolution, was one of Facebook and Google’s key grievances because they said it incentivised news companies to make outlandish claims in the hope their position will be selected. 

‘These amendments will provide further clarity to digital platforms and news media businesses about the way the code is intended to operate and strengthen the framework for ensuring news media businesses are fairly remunerated,’ Mr Frydenberg said.

‘The government has been advised by Facebook that it intends to restore Australian news pages in the coming days.’

The bargaining code is expected to pass the Senate this week with support from Labor and the Greens, who will seek some minor amendments. 

Google responded to the new law by striking multi-million deals but Facebook banned Australians from viewing news on its website in a ‘disgraceful’ protest at the new rules. Pictured: Posts were blocked on the Daily Mail Australia Facebook page 

What changes have been made to the news media bargaining code? 

• A decision to designate a platform under the Code must take into account whether a digital platform has made a significant contribution to the sustainability of the Australian news industry through reaching commercial agreements with news media businesses;

• A digital platform will be notified of the Government’s intention to designate prior to any final decision – noting that a final decision on whether or not to designate a digital platform would be made no sooner than one month from the date of notification;

• Non-differentiation provisions will not be triggered because commercial agreements resulted in different remuneration amounts or commercial outcomes that arose in the course of usual business practices; and

• Final offer arbitration is a last resort where commercial deals cannot be reached by requiring mediation, in good faith, to occur prior to arbitration for no longer than two months 

Mr Frydenberg and Communications Minister Paul Fletcher drew up the law after a three-year inquiry by Australia’s competition regulator, the ACCC, which found Google and Facebook have ‘an imbalance in bargaining power’ when dealing with news companies. 

For every $100 spent on digital advertising, $53 goes to Google, $28 to Facebook and only $19 goes to others. 

The world-first code states that if a negotiation breaks down then an independent umpire will step in and decide the fee based on a ‘final offer’ method, which chooses one side’s position as the resolution. 

Australia’s battle with Big Tech is being keenly watched by governments across the world, not least in London, Washington DC and Brussels, where concerns have been raised over the ‘advertising duopoly’ of Google and Facebook. 

Prime Minsiter Scott Morrison (right) sits next to Treasurer Josh Frydenberg (left) and Communications Minister Paul Fletcher (behind)  as they speak to Google boss Sundar Pichai

The Code was intended to apply to Facebook NewsFeed and Google Search – but other services such as Instagram and YouTube can be added if a bargaining power imbalance arises.

The tech giants would face $10million fines if they don’t follow the rules. 

In addition to payment for content, the measures would also force transparency around the closely guarded algorithms that tech firms use to rank content. 

The code will require Google and Facebook to give publishers 14 days notice of any algorithm changes that are likely to have a significant impact on their traffic. 

Under a two-way value model, the payment for content would take into account the value that Google and Facebook provide to news organisations by driving traffic to their sites.  

What is the bargaining code and why is it needed? 

WHY IS IT NEEDED?

Google and Facebook derive a benefit from the ability to make Australian news content available to their users.

Australian news businesses have had to accept commercial deals with the platforms that are less favourable than they would otherwise agree to.

Intervention is needed to address this imbalance because of the public benefit of news and the importance of a strong independent media in a well-functioning democracy.

For every $100 spend on advertising, $53 goes to Google, $28 goes to Facebook and $19 goes to other media.

WHAT IS THE CODE?

The government wants good faith commercial deals to be struck outside the code.

But if the platforms and news organisations are unable or unwilling to reach an agreement ‘final offer arbitration’ will take place.

The arbiters will take into account the benefits traditional news media businesses get by having eyeballs on their product.

The digital platforms will also need to adhere to a series of minimum standards.

WHO IS INCLUDED?

* Facebook and Google.

* ABC, SBS and Australian commercial news media organisations.

Source: AAP 

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